Every three seconds, somebody in the world develops dementia, according to Alzheimer’s Disease International. To help slow the progression of this debilitating disease, Our providers and the team at Ohio Psychiatric Services offer safe, effective dementia care at their office in Lancaster, Ohio. To schedule an appointment with the team, call or book online today.
What is dementia?
Dementia refers to a variety of diseases and conditions characterized by memory loss, a reduction in problem-solving and language abilities, and other thinking skills that affect your ability to complete daily tasks. Caused by abnormal brain changes, dementia triggers a decline in your thinking skills, or cognitive abilities, making it difficult to function independently.
While dementia does not have a cure, early diagnosis and interventional therapies can help slow the progression of the disease, so you can live independently for as long as possible.
What are the symptoms of dementia?
The symptoms of dementia can vary depending on the type and progression of the disease. Some of the most common dementia symptoms to watch for in your loved ones include:
- Recent memory loss: One sign of recent memory loss is if a person repeatedly asks the same question.
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks: Familiar tasks, such as making a drink or cooking a meal, can be difficult for people with dementia to complete.
- Problems communicating: Those with dementia often struggle with language — forgetting simple words or using the wrong ones.
- Disorientation: Many people with dementia suffer problems with disorientation, such as getting lost on a previously familiar street.
- Problems with abstract thinking: Abstract thinking instances, such as dealing with money, can pose a challenge for a person with dementia.
- Misplacing things: For example, people with dementia often forget the location of everyday items, such as keys or wallets.
- Mood changes: Sudden and unexplained changes in outlook or disposition can be a telltale sign of dementia.
- Personality changes: Many people with dementia become irritable, suspicious, or fearful as the disease progresses.
- Loss of initiative: Dementia can lower your interest in activities and places you once loved.
What causes dementia?
There are many diseases and medical conditions that can lead to dementia, including:
- Alzheimer’s disease: Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, characterized by “plaques” between the dying cells in the brain and “tangles” within the cells. The brain tissue in those with Alzheimer’s disease has fewer nerve cells and connections. The brain size itself also shrinks.
- Dementia with Lewy bodies: Dementia with Lewy bodies is a neurodegenerative condition linked to abnormal structures in the brain.
- Mixed dementia: Mixed dementia occurs when you have two or three different types of dementia. For instance, a person may show both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia at the same time.
- Parkinson’s disease: Parkinson’s disease is a central nervous system disorder that can lead to dementia symptoms marked by the presence of Lewy bodies.
- Huntington’s disease: Huntington’s disease, which occurs when nerve cells in the brain break down, can cause dementia symptoms in many patients.
While dementia has no cure, Ohio Psychiatric Services provides an array of counseling services to help combat the symptoms of the disease, including memory loss, difficulty completing tasks, and loss of initiative.
To schedule an appointment with the team, call Ohio Psychiatric Services, or book a visit online today.